Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet) 1. Mental retardation occurs in approximately of the general population. a.1 b.5 c.10 d.20 2. Treatment of phenylketonuria includes all of the following EXCEPT A)daily supplements. B)a severely restricted low-protei n diet. C)a diet rich in dairy products and grains. D)compliance until age 8. 3. Ingestion and inhalation are the two most common ways that enters the body. a.lead b.iron c.copper d.aluminum 4.Mathematics disorder, or ____, is the diminished disability to understand mathematical terms, operations, or concepts; recognize numerical symbols or arithmetic signs; or copy numberslfigures correctly. a.dysgraphia b.dyscalculia c.dyspraxia d.dyslexia 5.Autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified are collectively known as a.autism spectrum disorders. b.childhood integrative disorders. c.developmental delay disorders. d.disruptive behavior disorders. 31.32.Until the 1970s, autistic disorder was thought to be caused by , or parents who were emotionally unresponsive to their infants. a.frigid parents b.refrigerator mothers c.emotionally repressed parents d.schizophrenogenic mothers 7. Although few adults develop bipolar disorder after the age of 65, when it does occur, the intervals between manic and depressive periods are and the episodes are. _ than in younger adults. a.longer; shorter b.shorter; shorter c.longer; longer d.shorter; longer 8. As with depression, treatment for anxiety should always begin with a.a complete medical evaluation. b.medication therapy. c.an in-depth psychosocial evaluation. d.cognitive-behavioral therapy. 9. Treatment for risky/problematic drinking in older adults is aimed at a.prevention and early intervention. b.detoxification and relapse prevention. c.social skills training and daily living activities. d.withdrawal safety and early intervention. 10. Etiological factors for late-onset schizophrenia include all of the following EXCEPT a.hormonal changes in women. b.deficits in hearing and vision. c.hypertension d.genetic factors. 33.11. In contrast to delirium, the cognitive difficulties associated with dementia a.result in alterations to a patient’s level of consciousness or alertness. b.occur suddenly and disappear in a relatively short amount of time. c.fluctuate over the course of the disorder. d.are not accompanied by changes in consciousness or alertness. 12. Brain abnormalities associated with Alzheimer’s disease include a.excessive amounts of neurofibrillary tangles and cerebral senile plaques. b.smaller cerebral ventricles than can be accounted for by normal aging. c.blocked blood vessels, which may result in tissue death. d.damage that is confined primarily to the inner layers of brain tissue. 13. A shared limitation of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, the Hassles Scale, and the Uplifts Scale is a.poor “real-I ife” general ization. b.the possibility of memory bias. c.not factoring in individual differences. d.an inability to differentiate between the impact of positive and negative life events. 14.One of the two major systems that are affected by the stress response is the_____________ which results in secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine. a.hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis b.parasympathetic nervous system c.sympathetic-adrenomedullary system d.autonomic nervous system 15.A component of the non-specific immune system that prevents microbes from getting into the body is called a(n) barrier. a.anatomical b.protective c.membrane d.microbe 34.35. According to the text, the different ways that men and women respond to stress may be the result of a.evolutionary influences that dictated different parental roles. b.genetic differences (e.g., the presence/absence of the Y chromosome) and hormonal differences. c.societal influences on gender roles and differences in the physical stress response. d.genetic differences and societal influences on gender roles. 17.Which of these factors is NOT listed in the text as having an influence on the progression of HIV to AIDS and adjustment to an HIV diagnosis? a.genetic factors. b.social support. c.depression. d.stress. 18. Modifying behavior by changing the stimuli that bring on the behavior is called a. contingency contracting. b. stimulus control. c. primary intervention. d. behavior control. 19.In addition to consideration of an appropriate after-discharge treatment plan, successful deinstitutionalization requires a.a resocialization plan developed by the patient’s social worker. b.considerable family therapy to educate members on their responsibilities as part of the team. c.evaluation of a patient’s skills and resources for independent living. d.home healthcare delivery of medications by a visiting nurse practitioner. 20. When a person is judged “not guilty by reason of insanity,” we may infer that a.the person had criminal intent at the time of the crime but is remorseful at the time of trial. b.the person has a long history of untreated mental illness that interfered with rational thought at the time the crime was committed. c.the trial judge cannot show that mental illness was not a factor in the crime. d.the person has a psychological disorder that interferes with understanding the seriousness and illegality of the crime. 36.37.Which of the following is NOT a term that describes environments that provide the client with protection against unwilling disclosure of personal information? a.Duty to Warn b.Privacy c.Privilege d.Confidentiality 22. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding HIPAA? a.It was originally designed to protect people from losing their health insurance. b.It has great relevance to medicine but little relevance to psychological practice. c.It is a simple and streamlined way of receiving professional reimbursement. d.It is a philosophical/ethical statement with little operational relevance. 23. The practice of psychology is bound by state laws and regulations as well as by a.client demands. b.an eth ical code of behavior. c.medical regulations. d.research and clinical trials. 24. In psychological research, respect for persons means that a. all persons should have equal access to any treatment tested in an experiment. b. participants should be able to choose their experimental condition (active vs. placebo). c. researchers should maximize benefits and minimize harm to subjects. d. people’s autonomy should be respected, and those with limited autonomy should be protected. 25.Which of the following questions has been disallowed on adolescent research protocols in certain school districts because of a concern over suggestibility, thus denying the principle of justice? a.Do your parents support your educational efforts? b.Have you ever thought about suicide? c.Do you think abortion should be legal? d.Have you ever been charged with a crime?